For the Record - A Timeline of the GUI (Graphical User Interface)





1973

 Xerox PARC Alto


1980

 Three Rivers Computer Corporation Perq


1981    

 Xerox PARC Star


1983

 Apple Lisa
(strongly influenced by Xerox PARC systems)
 Visi Corp  Visi On
           

1984    

 MIT Project X begins (contributors include Sun, IBM, HP, and DEC)
 Apple Macintosh
 Digital Research GEM (known for its use on Atari ST computers)


1985    

 Amiga Workbench 1.0
 Windows 1.0
 Geos (for Commodore 64 and Apple II)


1986

 First commercial release of X for UNIX


1987    

 Color Macintosh
 Windows 2.03
 Acorn Arthur


1988    

 NeXT
 Apple GS/OS
 IBM OS/2 Version 1.10 Presentation Manager (Microsoft wrote much of this)


1990    

 Windows 3.0 (First successful Microsoft GUI)
 Amiga Workbench 2
 PC-GEOS


1992    

 Windows 3.1/3.11

 IBM OS/2 Version 2.0 with Workplace Shell
 Amiga Workbench 3


1993    

 Windows for Workgroups 3.11, NT 3.1/3.5


1994    

 XFree86, an Open Source implementation of X11R6, is released.  (Linux gets a GUI)
 QNX Photon microGUI


1995     

 Windows 95 / Microsoft Bob
 BeOS


1996    

 Windows NT 4.0
 OS/2 Warp 4 with Workplace Shell


1997    

 Apple Mac OS 8


1998    

 Windows 98


1999    

 RISC OS 4


2000    

 Windows 2000


2001    

 Mac OS X released

 Windows XP





Sources:  This was taken from numeous books and websites.  The most interesting GUI history web page I found was The GUI Gallery.  The GUI timeline section is great!



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